MEM is commonly employed in astronomical synthesis imaging. In this application, the resolution depends on the signal-to-noise ratio, which must be specified. Therefore, resolution is image dependent and varies across the map. MEM is also biased, since the ensemble average of the estimated noise is nonzero. However, this bias is much smaller than the noise for pixels with a . It can yield super-resolution, which can usually be trusted to an order of magnitude in solid angle.
Two definitions of "entropy" normalized to the flux in the image are
where is a "default image" and is the smoothed image. Several unnormalized entropy measures (Cornwell 1982, p. 3) are given by